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BECLOMETHASONE INHALED : Mechanism of Action, Indications, uses, Administration, Side Effects

Beclomethasone inhaler is a medication commonly used for the treatment of various respiratory conditions, particularly asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Here are the details regarding beclomethasone inhaler's chemical formula, mechanism of action, indications, uses, administration, and side effects:

Chemical Formula:

The chemical formula for beclomethasone is C22H29ClO5.

Mechanism of Action:

  • Beclomethasone belongs to a class of medications known as corticosteroids. It works by reducing inflammation in the airways and suppressing the immune response.

  • Beclomethasone acts locally in the lungs when inhaled and helps to prevent and control symptoms associated with asthma and COPD.

  • It decreases airway inflammation, reduces mucus production, and improves breathing.


  • The primary indications for beclomethasone inhaler include the management of asthma and COPD.

  • It is used as a preventive medication to control and prevent asthma symptoms, such as wheezing, shortness of breath, chest tightness, and cough. In COPD, beclomethasone helps to reduce exacerbations and improve lung function.


Beclomethasone inhaler is used as a long-term maintenance medication for individuals with persistent asthma or COPD. It is not intended for immediate relief of acute symptoms and should not be used as a rescue inhaler. It is important to follow the prescribed treatment plan provided by healthcare professionals for optimal control of the respiratory condition.


  • Beclomethasone inhaler is administered via inhalation. It is typically used with a device called a metered-dose inhaler (MDI) or a dry powder inhaler (DPI).

  • The specific dosage and frequency of use may vary depending on the severity of the condition and the individual's response to treatment.

  • It is important to follow the prescribed dosage and administration instructions provided by healthcare professionals.

Side Effects:

  • While beclomethasone inhaler is generally well-tolerated, it can cause certain side effects, particularly when used at higher doses or for prolonged periods.

  • Common side effects may include throat irritation, hoarseness, coughing, oral thrush (fungal infection in the mouth), and an increased risk of respiratory infections. Rarely, systemic side effects may occur, such as adrenal suppression, bone density loss, and growth retardation in children.

  • To minimize the risk of side effects, it is important to use the beclomethasone inhaler as prescribed and rinse the mouth after each use to prevent oral fungal infections.

  • It is also important to regularly review the treatment with healthcare professionals and monitor for any potential side effects.

  • It's worth noting that the information provided here is based on the available knowledge up until September 2021. Since then, new information and updates may have emerged.

  • For the most accurate and up-to-date information, it is recommended to consult healthcare professionals or refer to reputable sources, including official prescribing information and clinical guidelines.


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